SemesterFall Semester, 2019
DepartmentMA Program of International Business, First Year MA Program of International Business, Second Year
Course NameLegal Methods
InstructorYANG PEI KAN
Course TypeElective
PrerequisiteFoundations of Business Law、International Economic and Trade Law
Course Objective
Course Description
Course Schedule

Dates Topics Assigned Readings/ Case Study & Presentation

Week 1  Course Introduction and Logistics First class PowerPoints


Week 2  Introduction to Legal Methods & Economic Approach to Law [1]. Guido Calabresi, An Introduction to Legal Thought: Four Approaches to Law and to the Allocation of Body Parts (2003), Faculty Scholarship Series, Paper 2022, Yale Law School, (read only Part I~V).

[2]. Richard A. Posner, The Economic Approach to Law, 53 Texas Law Review 757 (1975). 

Week 3

 Legal Methods in International Law & Relations [3]. Steven R. Ratner & Anne-Marie Slaughter, Appraising the Methods of International Law: A Prospectus of Readers, 93 AM. J. INT'L L. 291 (1999).

[4]. Kenneth W. Abbott, Modern International Relations Theory: A Prospectus for International Lawyers, 14 Yale Journal of International Law 335 (1989).

Week 4  Legal Methods in International Economic Law

[5]. Tomer Broude, At the End of the Yellow Brick Road: International Economic Law Research in Times of Uncertainty, Hart Publishing (2008).

[6]. Gregory Shaffer, A New Legal Realism: Method in International Economic Law Scholarship, Hart Publishing (2008).

Week 5 [7]. Joel P. Trachtman, International Economic Law Research: A Taxonomy, Hart Publishing (2008).

[8]. Sara Dillon, Opportunism and the WTO: Corporations, Academics and “Member States”, Hart Publishing (2008).

Week 6  [9]. Andrew TF Lang, Some Sociological Perspectives on International Institutions and the Trading System, Hart Publishing (2008).

[10]. Federico Ortino & Matteo Ortino, Law of the Global Economy: In Need of a New Methodological Approach?,  Hart Publishing (2008).

[5]~[10] in INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC LAW: THE STATE AND FUTURE OF THE DISCIPLINE, Colin B. Picker, Isabella Bunn & Douglas Arner (eds.), Hart Publishing (2008), 


Week 7  Economic Approach to  Public International Law [11]. Ronald A. Cass, Introduction: Economics and International law, in Economic Dimensions in International Law: Comparative and Empirical Perspectives, Jagdeep S. Bhandari & Alan O. Sykes (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 1997.

[12]. Alan O. Sykes, The Economics of Public International Law, John M. Olin Law & Economics Working Paper No. 216, The Law School, The University of Chicago, July 2004, at


Week 8

 Border Measures 1. China – Raw Materials (DS394, 395, 398): Bronckers, Marco and Keith E. Maskus (2014) “China–Raw Materials: A controversial step towards evenhanded exploitation of natural resources,” World Trade Review v13, n2: 393-408.

2. China – Rare Earths (DS431~433): Bond, Eric W. and Joel P. Trachtman (2016) “China–Rare Earths:  Export Restrictions and the Limits of Textual Interpretation,” World Trade Review v15, n2. [forthcoming]

Week 9  No class Case Study 1~16 can be downloaded at EUI website, WTO Case Law Project:  


Week 10  National Treatment 3. Philippines – Distilled Spirits (DS396, 403): Neven, Damien and Joel P. Trachtman (2013) “Philippines — Taxes on Distilled Spirits: Like Products and Market Definition,” World Trade Review v12, n2: 297-326.

4. Thailand—Cigarettes (DS371): Davey, William J. and Keith E. Maskus (2013) “Thailand–Cigarettes (Philippines): A More Serious Role for the ‘Less Favourable Treatment’ Standard of Article III:4,” World Trade Review v12, n2: 163-193. 

Week 11 Health, Regulation & Standards (I) 5. US – COOL (DS384): Mavroidis, Petros C. and Kamal Saggi (2014) “What is not so Cool about US–COOL Regulations? A critical analysis of the Appellate Body’s ruling on US—COOL,” World Trade Review v13, n2: 299-320.

6. US – Clove Cigarettes (DS406): Broude, Tomer and Philip I. Levy (2014) “Do you mind if I don’t smoke? Products, purpose and indeterminacy in US — Measures Affecting the Production and Sale of Clove Cigarettes,” World Trade Review v13, n2: 357-392.

Week 12

Health, Regulation &  Standards (II) 7. EC – Seal Products (DS400, 401): Levy, Philip I. and Donald H. Regan (2015) “EC–Seal Products: Seals and Sensibilities (TBT Aspects of the Panel and Appellate Body Reports),” World Trade Review v14, n2: 337-339.

8. India – Agricultural Products (DS430): Bown, Chad P. and Jennifer A. Hillman (2016) “Bird Flu, the OIE, and National Regulation: The WTO’s India – Agricultural Products dispute,” World Trade Review v15, n2. [forthcoming]

Week 13 Trade & Environment 9. Canada – Renewable Energy (DS412): Charnovitz, Steve and Carolyn Fischer (2015) “Canada–Renewable Energy: Implications for WTO Law on Green and Not-So-Green Subsidies,” World Trade Review v14, n2: 177 – 210.

10. US – Countervailing Measures (DS437): Brewster, Rachel, Claire Brunel and Anna Maria Mayda (2016) “Trade in environmental goods: A review of the WTO Appellate Body’s ruling in ‘US-countervailing measures (China)’,” World Trade Review v15, n2. [forthcoming]

Week 14  Trade Remedies 11. US — Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties (China) (DS379): Prusa, Thomas J. and Edwin Vermulst (2013) “United States — Definitive Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties on Certain Products from China: Passing the Buck on Pass-Through,” World Trade Review v12, n2: 197-234.

12. China – Autos (DS440): Mitchell, Andrew and Thomas J. Prusa (2016) “China-Autos: Haven’t We Danced This Dance Before?” World Trade Review v15, n2. [forthcoming]

Week 15  GATS 13. China — Publications and Audiovisual Products (DS363): Conconi, Paola and Joost Pauwelyn (2011) “Trading Cultures: Appellate Body Report on China—Audiovisuals (WT/DS363/AB/R, adopted 19 January 2010),” World Trade Review v10, n1: 95-118.

14. China – Electronic Payment Services (DS413): Hoekman, Bernard and Niall Meagher (2014) “China — Electronic Payment Services: discrimination, economic development and the GATS,” World Trade Review v13, n2: 409-442.

Week 16

 TRIPS  15. China — Intellectual Property Rights (DS362): Saggi, Kamal and Joel Trachtman (2011) “Incomplete Harmonization Contracts in International Economic Law: Report of the Panel, China – Measures Affecting the Protection and Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights, WT/DS362/R, adopted 20 March 2009,” World Trade Review v10, n1: 63-86.

Week 17

 Regional Trade Agreement 16. Mexico — Taxes on Soft Drinks (DS 308): Davey, William J. and André Sapir (2009) “The Soft Drinks Case: The WTO and Regional Agreements,” World Trade Review v8, n1: 5-23.

Week 18

 Legal Writing, Research & Citation [13]. S. Joseph Levine, Writing and Presenting Your Thesis or Dissertation (Lulu, 2005), available at

[14]. Peter W. Martin, Introduction to Basic Legal Citation (LII 2007 ed.), at

Teaching Methods
Teaching Assistant



Grading will be based 20% on class participation and discussion, 20% on submission of TWO one-page reaction papers (out of 12 assigned articles) on legal methods in general, and 60% on an in-class oral presentation of TWO assigned or self-selected WTO cases together with a completion of TWO five-page term papers. The papers should be an original work based on the assigned or selected WTO case in compliance with appropriate citation rules.

Textbook & Reference

A coursepack will contain all the required readings for this class and should be handy for every class. Selected WTO cases for further analysis will be handed out in class and can also be found in following books or EUI website:

  1. Henrik Horn & Petro C. Mavroidis eds., The American Law Institute Reporters’ Studies on WTO Case Law (of 2004-2005, of 2006-2007) : Legal and Economic Analysis, Cambridge Unviersity Press, 2007 (2008, 2009).

  2. EUI, WTO Case Law Project,

Urls about Course
Legal Texts (Textbook & References) WTO Secretariat, THE RESULTS OF THE URUGUAY ROUND OF MULTILATERAL TRADE Negotiations: THE LEGAL TEXTS, Cambridge University Press/WTO, available at Websites (Related Links) (official website of the World Trade Organization); (case summaries); (Bureau of Foreign Trade, Taiwan, R.O.C.); (official US government trade website); (official trade site of the European Commission); (Duke Law Library’s own Research Guide to the GATT/WTO).